MLHC is an annual research meeting that exists to bring together two usually insular disciplines: computer scientists with artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data expertises, with clinicians, and medical researchers. MLHC supports the advancement of data analytics, knowledge discovery, and seriously meaningful use of complex medical data by fostering collaborations and the exchange of ideas between members of these too often completely separated communities. To this end, the symposium includes invited talks, poster presentations, panels, and ample time for thoughtful discussion and robust debate.
MLHC has a rigorous peer-review process and an (optional) archival proceedings through the Journal of Machine Learning Research proceedings track. You can access the inaugural proceedings here: http://www.jmlr.org/proceedings/papers/v56/
Radiological diagnosis and interpretation is ready for an overhaul. Radiologists spend countless hours on tasks that are onerous and error-prone, resulting in high costs and frequent misdiagnoses. Arterys is working to address these deficiencies, using deep learning to vastly improve the speed and consistency with which radiologists read cardiac MRI studies. Our first product, Arterys Cardio DL, is the first technology ever to be cleared by the FDA that leverages cloud computing and deep learning in a clinical setting. We discuss the technology behind the software and how we proved its safety and efficacy to secure FDA clearance in the United States and the CE Mark in Europe.
Majority of cancer research today takes place in biology and medicine. Computer science plays a minor supporting role in this process if at all. In this talk, I hope to convince you that NLP as a field has a chance to play a significant role in this battle. Indeed, free-form text remains the primary means by which physicians record their observations and clinical findings. Unfortunately, this rich source of textual information is severely underutilized by predictive models in oncology. In the first part of my talk, I will describe a number of tasks where NLP-based models can make a difference in clinical practice. For example, these include improving models of disease progression, preventing over-treatment, and narrowing down to the cure. This part of the talk draws on active collaborations with oncologists from MGH. In the second part of the talk, I will push beyond standard tools, introducing new functionalities and avoiding annotation-hungry training paradigms ill-suited for clinical practice. In particular, I will focus on interpretable neural models that provide rationales underlying their predictions, and semi-supervised methods for information extraction.
Coffee Break and Discussion
Precision medicine requires an algorithmic approach to the delivery of care, and it encounters a wide range of computational challenges. This talk will center on an in-depth case study in precision medicine, highlighting computational challenges at the forefront of the field.
A formidable challenge in designing sequential treatments is to determine when and in which context it is best to deliver treatments. Consider treatment for individuals struggling with chronic health conditions. Operationally designing the sequential treatments involves the construction of decision rules that input current context of an individual and output a recommended treatment. That is, the treatment is adapted to the individual's context; the context may include current health status, current level of social support and current level of adherence for example. Data sets on individuals with records of time-varying context and treatment delivery can be used to inform the construction of the decision rules. There is much interest in personalizing the decision rules, particularly in real time as the individual experiences sequences of treatment. Here we discuss our work in designing online "bandit" learning algorithms for use in personalizing mobile health interventions.
The accurate assessment of a patient’s risk of adverse events remains a mainstay of clinical care for patients with cardiovascular disease. Sophisticated methods, such as those based on machine learning, form an attractive platform to build improved risk metrics because they can easily incorporate disparate pieces of data, yielding classifiers with improved performance. Using data from more than 5200 patients admitted with a non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome we constructed an artificial neural network that identifies patients at high risk of cardiovascular death 1-year after the index event. We further demonstrate how q-learning can be used to find optimal treatment strategies for patients at high risk of death after an acute coronary syndrome.
Researchers in machine learning --- including those working in statistical natural language processing, computer vision and related sub-fields --- when coupled with seasoned clinicians can play an important role in turning complex medical data (e.g., individual patient health records, genomic data, data from wearable health monitors, online reviews of physicians, medical imagery, etc.) into actionable knowledge that ultimately improves patient care. For the last seven years, this meeting has drawn hundreds of clinical and machine learning researchers to frame problems clinicians need solved and discuss machine learning solutions.
This year we are calling for papers in two tracks:
We invite submissions that describe novel methods to address the challenges inherent to health-related data (e.g., sparsity, class imbalance, causality, temporal dynamics, multi-modal data). We also invite articles describing the application and evaluation of state-of-the-art machine learning approaches applied to health data in deployed systems. In particular, we seek high-quality submissions on the following topics:
Research Track Proceedings and Review Process. Accepted submissions will be published through the proceedings track of the Journal of Machine Learning Research. All papers will be rigorously peer-reviewed, and research that has been previously published elsewhere or is currently in submission may not be submitted. However, authors will have the option of only archiving the abstract to allow for future submissions to clinical journals, etc.
Research Track Submission Details. Submissions should be no longer than 10 pages (excluding references). The review process is double blind. Please refer to the submission instructions on our website.
To expose open questions and celebrate the accomplishments of the community, we are also invite submissions for late-breaking clinical podium abstracts and demos:
We especially encourage submissions from clinical researchers working with large digital health data sets using modern computational methods. Submissions should be one page or less, and accepted submissions will presented as late-breaking abstracts and demos at MLHC. Abstracts will be made available online, but will not be archived or indexed.
Proceedings and Review Process. Accepted submissions will be published through the proceedings track of the Journal of Machine Learning Research. All papers will be rigorously peer-reviewed, and research that has been previously published elsewhere or is currently in submission may not be submitted to MLHC. However, authors will have the option of only archiving the abstract to allow for future submissions to clinical journals, etc.
The maximum paper length is 10 pages, excluding references, acknowledgements, and supplementary materials. The maximum size is 10 MB. We expect papers to be between 7-10 pages; shorter papers are acceptable as long as they fully describe the work.
Here is an example paper
LaTeX style files are available here
A Word template is available here
MLHC Style File is available here
While section headings may be changed, the margins and author block must remain the same and all papers must be in 11-point Times font. If supplementary materials are included, the paper must still stand alone; reviewers are encouraged but not required to look at the supplementary materials.
Context for Clinicians: We realize that conferences in medicine tend to be abstract-only, non-archival events. This is not the case for MLHC: to be a premier health and machine learning venue, all papers submitted to MLHC will be rigorously peer-reviewed for scientific quality -- and for that a suitably complete description of the work is necessary. So we call for submissions of 7-10 pages that describe your problem, cohort, features used, methods, results, etc. Multiple reviewers will provide feedback on the submission. If accepted, you will have the opportunity to revise the paper before submitting the final version.
Context for Computer Scientists: MLHC is a machine learning conference, and we expect papers of the same level of quality as those that would be sent to a conference (rather than a workshop). One may choose to only have the abstract of the paper archived, but it is a violation of dual-submission policy to archive the full MLHC paper and then later submit the same paper to another conference
Regardless of whether or not the full paper is archived, authors of accepted papers will be invited to present a spotlight and/or a poster on their work at the conference.
(Of course, we hope that many papers have both clinicians and computer scientists involved!)
The example paper contains sample sections. A more machine-learning oriented paper may include more mathematical details, while a more application-focused paper may include more detailed cohort and study design descriptions. In all cases, papers should contain enough information for the readers to understand and reproduce the results.
Reviewing for MLHC is double-blind: the reviewers will not know the authors’ identity and the authors will not know the reviewers’ identity. Do not include your names, your institution’s name, or identifying information in the initial submission. Wait for the camera-ready. While you should make every effort to anonymize your work -- e.g. write “In Doe et al. (2011), the authors…” rather than “In our previous work (Doe et al., 2011), we…” -- we realize that a reviewer may be able to deduce the authors’ identities based on the previous publications or technical reports on the web. This will not be considered a violation of the double-blind reviewing policy on the author’s part.
All submissions to MLHC must be novel work. You may not submit work that has been previously published, accepted for publication, or that has been submitted in parallel to other conferences. There are a few exceptions:
All submissions to MLHC must be full papers so that the work can be rigorously reviewed. Once your paper is accepted to MLHC, however, you may choose to only have the abstract archived to enable submission to a journal.
Please upload submissions here: https://cmt3.research.microsoft.com/MLHC2017/
If you have any questions regarding the symposium, please send us an email.